Defender's Guide to Science and Creationism

Mark Vuletic


Evolutionists cannot tell us exactly how most organisms and biological structures arose.


I. Evolution of many structures is known

Evolutionists can account for many biological structures with considerable ease, as long as they are not held to the unreasonable standard of absolutely exact knowledge. For instance, as Douglas J. Futuyma writes,

One of the most amazing aspects of evolution is how easy it is to account for major transformations through rather simple changes in developmental processes. Most of the differences among different kinds of mammals are quite simply accounted for by changes in the relative rates of growth of different parts of the body. Speed up the elongation of fingers to get a bat wing; slow down the development of teeth or legs to reduce or eliminate them in whales; slow down the growth of the lateral toes and increase that of the middle one to get a horse's hoof. (Futuyma 1982:63-64)

II. Open questions are not fatal to science

No one claims that there are no longer any open questions in evolutionary biology; if that were so, there would no longer be any evolutionary biologists, since they would have nothing to work on. But the track record evolution has for accounting for data is so strong that there is no reason to be pessimistic about specific details that have not been resolved or for others that have not yet been investigated.


Futuyma DJ. 1983. Science on Trial: The Case for Evolution. New York: Pantheon.

Last updated: 21 Mar 2008

Pleased? Angered? Confused? Have something else you would like
me to write about? Please send in your questions and comments!